Home Values Higher than Ever in Almost Half of Nation's Largest Markets

Sept. 8, 2017

Home values are setting new records in about half of the country's largest metros, and the national median home value is now $4,100 more than it was in April 2007, just before the market crashed, according to the July Zillow® Real Estate Market Reporti.

Home values in Denver, Dallas and San Jose have appreciated most beyond the previous record-highs set at the peak of the housing bubble in the mid-2000s. Homes in Denver are almost 60 percent more valuable now than during the bubble, increasing from a median home value of $235,900 in April 2006 to a current median home value of $371,100.

When the housing market crashed, home values plummeted and it has taken about 10 years for home values to reach new record highs. Strong labor markets and steady income growth have pushed up home values in the nation's hottest markets more quickly than in others. Among the 35 largest housing markets, 15ii have higher median home values than ever before.

An abundance of well-paying jobs in Portland, San Francisco and Seattle has quickly driven up home values as job seekers flood these markets looking for new opportunities. In Portland, the median home value is about 26 percent higher now than during peak bubble years, and about 20 percent higher in San Francisco and Seattle.

Additionally, more than 48 percent of individual homes nationwide are currently worth more than they were prior to the onset of the Great Recession. In Denver, 99.5 percent of homes are worth more now than during the peak of the housing bubble, but in Las Vegas, less than 1 percent of homes are more valuable.

"Home values are high, but affordability – while suffering a bit lately – is still okay, largely because of very low mortgage interest rates helping to keep monthly mortgage payments in check," said Zillow Chief Economist Dr. Svenja Gudell. "The more pressing issue is abnormally low inventory, which is translating into an extremely competitive environment for home shoppers. Bidding wars and homes selling for over asking price have been common themes in many markets this summer, and continued competition in the face of limited supply will only continue to push home values up going forward. Home shoppers that were hoping to buy this summer but haven't yet found their dream home may have better luck once September and October roll around, when we can expect to see more homes coming online and less competition."

The median home value across the U.S. rose 6.8 percent over the past year, to a Zillow Home Value Index of $200,700, which is $4,100 more than in April 2007 when home values were at their previous peak.

Seattle, Dallas and Tampa, Fla. reported the greatest year-over-year home value appreciation between July 2016 and July 2017 among the 35 largest U.S. metros. In Seattle, home values rose almost 13 percent over the past year to a median home value of $450,900.

Median rent across the nation rose 1.6 percent since last July, the fastest pace of appreciation since December 2016, to a median payment of $1,427 per month. Seattle, Sacramento, Calif. and Los Angeles reported the greatest rent growth over the past year. In Seattle and Sacramento, rents rose about 5 percent since last July. In Los Angeles, rents rose just over 4 percent to a Zillow Rent Indexiv of $2,696.

One of the greatest hurdles for home shoppers this summer has been low inventory. There are 13 percent fewer homes on the market now than a year ago, the greatest drop in inventory since June 2013. In San Jose, there are 51 percent fewer homes for sale now than last July, and 36 percent fewer in San Diego.  

Mortgage rates were slightly lower on average in July than in June, making it easier for home shoppers to afford rising prices. Mortgage ratesv on Zillow ended the month of July at 3.74 percent, the lowest month-ending rate since May 2017. Mortgage rates hit a high of 3.84 percent in the first few weeks of the monthvi with the month low at 3.72 percentvii. Zillow's real-time mortgage rates are based on thousands of custom mortgage quotes submitted daily to anonymous borrowers on the Zillow Mortgages site and reflect the most recent changes in the market.

 

Metropolitan Area

Zillow Home Value
Index (ZHVI)

ZHVI
Year-Over-Year
Change

ZHVI Bubble
Peak

Percent
Difference
From 
Peak

Zillow Rent
Index (ZRI)

ZRI Year-
Over-Year
Change

United States

$200,700

6.8%

$196,600

2.1%

$1,427

1.6%

New York, NY

$425,600

9.3%

$445,200

-4.4%

$2,382

-1.0%

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

$611,100

6.1%

$604,000

1.2%

$2,696

4.3%

Chicago, IL

$212,300

6.4%

$247,000

-14.0%

$1,644

0.2%

Dallas-Fort Worth, TX

$212,500

9.6%

$149,600

42.0%

$1,588

3.0%

Philadelphia, PA

$218,500

4.0%

$230,600

-5.2%

$1,573

-0.4%

Houston, TX

$180,800

4.6%

 n/a

 n/a

$1,535

-2.7%

Washington, DC

$382,900

3.0%

$427,600

-10.5%

$2,130

0.4%

Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL

$254,200

6.6%

$305,200

-16.7%

$1,850

-1.8%

Atlanta, GA

$180,400

7.8%

$174,500

3.4%

$1,355

3.4%

Boston, MA

$429,400

7.9%

$382,700

12.2%

$2,364

2.4%

San Francisco, CA

$859,000

6.3%

$700,300

22.7%

$3,377

-0.6%

Detroit, MI

$141,400

8.5%

$157,100

-10.0%

$1,163

-1.0%

Riverside, CA

$330,400

5.6%

$403,900

-18.2%

$1,807

4.3%

Phoenix, AZ

$238,300

6.5%

$273,500

-12.9%

$1,330

2.6%

Seattle, WA

$450,900

12.8%

$380,200

18.6%

$2,161

5.4%

Minneapolis-St Paul, MN

$246,900

7.8%

$240,500

2.7%

$1,601

4.0%

San Diego, CA

$550,900

6.7%

$543,600

1.3%

$2,504

3.4%

St. Louis, MO

$148,300

2.8%

$158,900

-6.7%

$1,139

0.5%

Tampa, FL

$186,400

9.6%

$214,300

-13.0%

$1,356

1.8%

Baltimore, MD

$260,600

3.4%

$289,100

-9.9%

$1,731

-0.1%

Denver, CO

$371,100

8.4%

$235,900

57.3%

$2,020

0.6%

Pittsburgh

$138,300

5.2%

 n/a

 n/a

$1,079

-2.4%

Portland, OR

$368,900

8.7%

$293,100

25.9%

$1,838

3.8%

Charlotte, NC

$176,000

8.2%

$155,400

13.3%

$1,271

2.7%

Sacramento, CA

$371,400

8.7%

$420,800

-11.7%

$1,757

5.0%

San Antonio

$165,400

8.2%

 n/a

 n/a

$1,334

1.2%

Orlando, FL

$207,700

9.1%

$256,300

-19.0%

$1,412

3.1%

Cincinnati, OH

$153,300

6.1%

$144,300

6.2%

$1,263

1.9%

Cleveland, OH

$135,200

5.9%

$145,400

-7.0%

$1,146

-0.3%

Kansas City, MO

$160,200

6.9%

$159,500

0.4%

$1,267

2.3%

Las Vegas, NV

$227,800

9.4%

$304,700

-25.2%

 n/a

n/a

Columbus, OH

$163,600

4.9%

$148,000

10.5%

$1,308

1.2%

Indianapolis, IN

$138,700

5.2%

$139,900

-0.9%

$1,192

-0.3%

San Jose, CA

$         1,027,100

7.9%

$745,300

37.8%

$3,477

-0.9%

Austin, TX

$272,400

6.7%

 n/a

 n/a

$1,696

-1.0%


Topics: Building Green, Cost of Ownership, Energy Star, Going Green, Healthy Homes, Sustainability Trends & Statistics, Sustainable Communities


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