Get ready for the cold: home winterization tips for your home
Photo via iStock
While it might not feel like it, colder winter weather is on the way and the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection wants all residents to stay safe and warm this winter by properly preparing their homes. Home winterization can help keep your home warmer, while using less energy and costing less money.
According to the U.S. Energy Information Administration, the average Pennsylvania family consumes more than 10,000 kWh of electricity annually and spends more than $2000 per year on energy bills. Half the energy consumed in Pennsylvania homes is for space heating. Fortunately, homeowners can take small steps to make their home safe and more efficient.
"With smart, inexpensive fixes, Pennsylvanians can keep their homes warmer and save money this winter," said DEP Secretary John Quigley. "The time to take steps to make your home ready for the cold weather is now, before it gets here."
Consider these tips this winter to keep your home running efficiently:
- Set back the thermostat; each degree lowered can save up to 3 percent on heating. A programmable thermostat, which cost as little as $20 at a local hardware store, can be programmed to be setback automatically at designated timeframes, saving you more energy and money.
- Clean warm-air registers, baseboard heaters, and radiators regularly and make sure they are not blocked by furniture, carpeting, or drapes.
- Weather-strip windows and exterior doors where you can feel air leakage. Check the bottom of the door to see if there is a gap. If there is a gap of a quarter inch or more, significant air can flow in and out of the house. Install a door sweep on the bottom of the door. Weather-stripping for the windows and doors is available in foam, rubber, vinyl and metal. For homes without storm windows, consider purchasing a window insulator kit (plastic window coverings). Install insulating drapes or curtains for windows that still feel drafty after weatherizing.
- Use the sunlight to heat your home by opening the curtains on south-facing windows during sunny days and close all curtains at night.
- Check the door to the attic to make sure it seals well and closes tightly. Some manufacturers make insulated attic covers.
- Do not heat unused spaces, other than as needed to prevent freezing of pipes. Close vents in unused rooms.
- If you have a wood stove, be sure to clean the flue vent and inside of the stove regularly.
- If you have a fireplace, reduce heat loss from the fireplace by keeping the damper closed; when open, warm air goes up the chimney. Install tempered glass and a heat-air exchange system that blows warmed air back into the room. Check the seal on the fireplace damper and ensure it is snug and add caulking around the hearth. It is a good idea to have a carbon monoxide monitor, as well.
If you have a furnace, have it checked by a heating professional. This will make the unit more efficient, and provide peace of mind that it is running safely. A heating professional should check the exhaust flue and venting to prevent carbon monoxide poisoning. Be sure to replace the air filter as directed to keep the air in your home clean and the unit running well. A properly maintained furnace can result in a 10 percent reduction in fuel consumed.
The most cost-effective way to save energy in the home is to air seal and insulate.
- Be sure to air seal before insulating as insulation material will not block leaks.
- Find and seal air leaks with caulk around windows, doors, gaps around chimneys, and recessed lights in insulated ceilings.
- Fill larger cracks with spray foam. Always follow the directions on the caulking and spray foam containers to ensure proper adherence and safety.
- After all the cracks are filled, you can install the insulation. Use the U.S. Department of Energy's insulation page to determine what kind of insulation you should use and how to put it in your home.
For more information about home winterization, visit www.dep.pa.gov.
Read more about home energy audits.